There is a breeder in Washington state that has many concerning breeding habits, one that has bothered me as of late is the age of their main sire. He turned 11 a few months ago and they continue to breed him. They’ve stated he has been “retiring soon” for the last 4 years, yet continue to use him for 5+ litters a year. At what what point is going past retirement age dangerous? Are there any affects that old sperm will have on future puppies and litters (other than litter size)? I believe they have switched to using AI and have been doing that for the past few years so I'm not as concerned about the "ability" to mate but more the quality of the offspring due to old age. Also to add, I know the Washington state law requires dogs to retire by age 8, but I am wondering about quality of sperm at this point because they are already aware they are breaking the law. Since the law does say retirement by 8 years old, who holds breeders accountable to that?