I wanted to post to see if anyone has information or experience on this issue. I have a 1-year-old male golden who is literally the sweetest, happiest, bundle of love. I live in Anchorage, Alaska where we have an amazing trail system and I take him almost everyday for a walk. He is always on leash and we are typically working on walking by without greeting other people/dogs. I'm a super friendly person and would love the opportunity for him to meet other people and dogs, but I've had a few dogs snap at him unprovoked. This has probably happened a total of 4 times. He's typically wagging his tail hoping he gets to say hello. Of note, he has not been neutered. I have read that neutered male dogs may be more likely to attack intact males. Today while walking he was attacked by a lab mix so viciously I thought he was going to die. This happened while I had him on leash and was waiting for this owner and dog to pass the intersecting trail ahead of us. The dog deviated from his path to attack. I had actually stopped and stood in front of my dog because I've grown skeptical of dogs off leash. The attacking dog went around me to get to my dog. This was so aggressive that it left a puncture wound to the side of his neck. The other owner eventually got ahold of her dog and pulled him off after multiple attempts. So awful. My question is why would this happen?? Is it the smell of my intact dog? My energy anticipating an attack? The fact that another dog just feels the need to dominate a more submissive dog? Also, is my dog going to be okay socially? How do I help him after something so traumatic? He seems fine, but I'm worried about him having had this terrible experience. I have worked so hard to train and socialize him and he's just the best. So innocent and sweet. But now I'm feeling like its not safe to walk him on the trail because of other unpredictable dogs who are often off leash.